El Comité Ambiental presentó ante la ONU informe sobre mecanismos de participación en Colombia

Comité Ambiental at the UN: Colombia should respect popular consultations

Por: Valentina Camacho Montealegre

@valentinacmpm

 

El Comité de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales de la ONU evaluará durante esta semana el cumplimiento de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales en Colombia.

En este espacio, organizaciones sociales de todo el territorio colombiano presentaron informes paralelos en donde hicieron un llamado de atención sobre la desigualdad, la falta de acceso al agua potable, el uso de semillas transgénicas, la soberanía de los pueblos indígenas, la erradicación forzada de cultivos ilícitos, el extractivismo, entre otros.

Cabe recordar que el Comité de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales es el órgano de expertos independientes que supervisa la aplicación del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales (PIDESC), del cual el Estado Colombiano hace parte desde el 16 de diciembre de 1966.

A través de la Red Internacional de Derechos Humanos – RIDH organizaciones que han impulsado consultas populares en contra de proyectos minero-energéticos en el país presentaron un informe sobre los mecanismos de participación ciudadana, que fue expuesto en Ginebra – Suiza ante los expertos por parte de los delegados del Comité Ambiental en Defensa de la Vida, Alejandro García Pedraza y Jaime Andrés Tocora.

“Expusimos ante la comunidad internacional que en Colombia no se está cumpliendo el convenio 169 de la OIT, el de la consulta previa, libre e informada, de igual forma, exigimos respeto por las consultas populares, los acuerdos municipales para definir el uso del suelo en temas de proyectos mineros, petroleros e hidroeléctricas y solicitamos que se mantenga el carácter vinculante de los mismos”, explicó Alejandro García Pedraza, vocero del Comité Ambiental.

“En el artículo 3 de la Constitución Política quedó estipulado que la soberanía reside exclusivamente en el pueblo y que el poder público emana de este,  el pueblo está ejerciendo su soberanía por medio de las consultas populares, mecanismo mediante el cual está manifestándose en oposición al modelo económico que el gobierno quiere imponer, esperamos que acate la decisión de las comunidades”, agregó García.

Los expertos del Comité DESC, escucharán este martes al Gobierno Colombiano quien rendirá, desde la institucionalidad, un informe con relación a los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales.

Es así como, luego del análisis de los expertos, en tres semanas aproximadamente, el Comité de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales de la ONU emitirá un informe con recomendaciones para el cumplimiento de este tipo de derechos, dirigido al Estado Colombiano.

Popular consultations are giving citizens a democratic say on the future of mining and energy projects across Colombia. Yet they face opposition from government and business. This week, the Comité Ambiental en Defensa de la Vida addressed the UN to discuss why popular consultations must be respected.

Valentina Camacho Montealegre. 20/09/2017

@valentinacmpm

 

The UN Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee will evaluate the fulfillment of the economic, social and cultural rights in Colombia during this week.

For this evaluation, social organizations from different regions of the country presented parallel reports where they made an attention call towards the inequality, lack of access to drinking water, the use of transgenic seeds, sovereignty of indigenous communities, forced eradication of illegal crops, extractivism and other related topics.

It is important to recall that the UN Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee is an independent expert organ that supervises the application of the International Pact of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (PIDESC), which the Colombian government ratified on the 16 of December, 1966.

The organizations which have supported and driven popular consultations against mining projects presented a report regarding the civil society participation mechanisms with the support of the International Network of Human Rights – RIDH, which was presented in Geneve, Switzerland to a body of experts by the delegates of the Comité Ambiental en Defensa de la Vida, from the Tolima region, Alejandro García and Jaime Andrés Tocora.

“We expressed to the international community that Colombia is not being true to the 169 IOL Convention which orders the previous, free and informed consultation in ratifying countries. We also requested respect towards the popular consultations that have been held in Colombia and the municipal agreements to define the use of the soil in topics regarding mining projects, oil extraction and hydropower, and we request the binding character of these to be recognized” explained Alejandro García Pedraza, spokesman of the Comité Ambiental.

“The 3rd article of the Colombian Political Constitution stipulates that the sovereignty is exclusively in the hands of the peoples and that the political power is derived from this. The civil society is exercising their sovereignty through the application of popular consultations, through which they are manifesting their opposition towards the economic model the national government wants to impose, and we hope it abides the decision taken by the communities” added García.

The experts, members of the DESC committee, wait for the reply that the Colombian government will present in a report on the economic, social and cultural rights from an institutional position next Tuesday.

This way, after the analysis made by this expert group, the UN Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee will present another report with recommendations for the fulfilment of these rights to the Colombian government in about three weeks or so.

 

 

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