Declaración sobre el asesinato de Aldemar Parra García Jueves, 23 de enero de 2017

Declaration on the assassination of Aldemar Parra Garcia

Las organizaciones abajo firmantes condenan el asesinato de Aldemar Parra García y expresan sus más sentidas condolencias a su familia.

Hechos

Aldemar fue asesinado el 7 de enero a plena luz del día por dos hombres armados no identificados montados en una motocicleta, en la vía que conduce de El Hatillo a La Loma. Era un líder comunitario y un sindicalista activo, empleado hasta hace poco tiempo en la mina de Colombian Natural Resources (CNR). Parra deja a su esposa y sus tres hijos.

Contexto regional

El asesinato de Aldemar no es un incidente aislado. Desafortunadamente, este asesinato sigue un patrón de violencia contra la sociedad civil y sus líderes, que vemos a través de toda Colombia y en la región minera del Cesar. Según el informe ‘Civil society under Threat’ (La sociedad civil bajo amenaza), al menos 200 líderes en el Cesar han sido víctimas de amenazas, asaltos y homicidios durante el periodo 2012-2016. Es importante apuntar que todas estas víctimas son líderes sociales, cuyos esfuerzos son considerados por ciertos sectores de la población del Cesar como críticas al impacto de las actividades mineras en la región. La mayoría de estos actos son reclamados por o llevan la firma de grupos neoparamilitares, que alegan defender los intereses de las empresas mineras y de otros actores económicos en la región. Por ejemplo, en el pasado mes de septiembre, Néstor Iván Martínez, líder de una comunidad afro­colombiana que resiste la expansión de las minas de propiedad de la empresa norteamericana Drummond, fue asesinado poco después de haber sido amenazado por un grupo neoparamilitar.

Aldemar fue un miembro activo de la comunidad de El Hatillo; una comunidad rural que desde 2010 ha estado involucrada en un largo proceso de reasentamiento involuntario con tres empresas mineras. Era un miembro de familia de varios líderes comunitarios que se mostraban críticos con respecto al plan de reasentamiento propuesto recientemente por las empresas mineras. La comunidad ha reportado desde 2014 un número creciente de incidentes de seguridad, es decir, folletos, mensajes de texto o llamadas telefónicas amenazando a miembros de la comunidad. Desde septiembre de 2016, los habitantes de El Hatillo han reportado la presencia de hombres armados no identificados en la vecindad durante las horas de la noche.

La condena por parte de Prodeco y Drummond del asesinato de Aldemar (como un incidente específico), es un primer paso, pero se necesitan más acciones para mitigar efectivamente la violencia contra la sociedad civil en el Cesar.

 

Urgimos a las autoridades colombianas a

  • No tratar el asesinato de Aldemar Parra García como un incidente aislado, sino abordarlo en el contexto de un patrón de actos de intimidación y violencia dirigidos contra la sociedad civil en el Cesar, y
  • Emprender – en línea con los acuerdos de paz – acciones efectivas para acabar con y perseguir a los miembros de todo grupo armado ilegal que opere en el región minera del Cesar.

Urgimos a las empresas mineras a

  • Distanciarse públicamente de los grupos neoparamilitares que alegan operar en defensa de sus intereses,
  • Tomar activamente un papel para asegurar que la seguridad de aquellos que tienen una actitud crítica con respecto al impacto de la minería en el Cesar, sea garantizada, y
  • Buscar soluciones efectivas y justas para los impactos de la minería en la población local de la región, incluyendo remediar las graves violaciones de derechos humanos en el pasado reciente y dirigir las oportunidades decrecientes de subsistencia y las condiciones de trabajo insalubres e inseguras.

 

Lista de firmantes:

 

350.org                                                                                               Red Internacional

ABColombia                                                                                      Reino Unido

Acción Ecologica                                                                              Ecuador

African Uranium Alliance                                                               Red Internacional

AG Bergbau und Menschenrechte in Kolumbien – Berlin                    Alemania

AGEH – Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Entwicklungshilfe                              Alemania

Amigos de la Tierra España                                                                      España

ASK – Arbeitsgruppe Schweiz-Kolumbien                                                Suiza

Asociación ambiental e cultural Petón do Lobo, Galicia                    España

Asociación gallega Cova Crea, Galicia                                        España

Bocas de Ceniza Waterkeeper                                                      Colombia

Both ENDS                                                                                         Paises Bajos

Buirer für Buir                                                                                               Alemania

BUND – Friends of the Earth Germany                                          Alemania

BUND Sachsen                                                                                  Alemania

BürgerBegehren Klimaschutz                                                                    Alemania

CALG – Coalition against Land Grabbing                                     Filipinas

CENSAT agua viva – Friends of the Earth Colombia                                Colombia

Center for Environment – Friends of the Earth BiH                                Bosnia y Herzegovina

Christliche Initiative Romero                                                                    Alemania

CNV Internationaal                                                                         Paises Bajos

Coal Action Network                                                                                    Reino Unido

CoalSwarm                                                                                        Estados Unidos

Colombia Caravana UK Lawyers’ Group                                       UK

Colombia Solidaritet                                                                                  Dinamarca

Colombia Solidarity Campaign                                                     Reino Unido

ContraMINAcción, Galicia                                                              España

Cooperacción                                                                                                Peru

Dachverband der Kritischen Aktionäre                                        Alemania

Earth Law Center                                                                              Estados Unidos

Environmental Rights Action                                                                     Nigeria

Facing Finance                                                                                 Alemania

FIAN Deutschland                                                                            Alemania

FNV Mondiaal                                                                                  Paises Bajos

Forschungs- und Dokumentationszentrum Chile-Lateinamerika      Alemania

Friends of the Earth Australia                                                       Australia

Friends of the Earth Canada                                                                      Canadá

Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland (EWNI)  Reino Unido

Friends of the Earth International                                                           Red Internacional

Friends of the Earth Japan                                                             Japón

Friends of the Siberian Forests                                                    Rusia

FUgE Hamm                                                                                       Alemania

GegenStrömung / CounterCurrent                                                 Alemania

GIP-LAWS

(Ghana Integrated Platform on Land, Water and Seed Struggles)     Ghana

Global 2000 – Friends of the Earth Austria                                              Austria

groundWork, Friends of the Earth South Africa                          Súdafrica

Informationsstelle Peru                                                                 Alemania

International Oil Working Group                                                 Red Internacional

JA!Justica Ambiental – FOE Mozambique                                                Mozambique

Kohleausstieg Berlin                                                                                  Alemania

kolko – Menschenrechte für Kolumbien                                      Alemania

Kolumbiengruppe Hamburg                                                                      Alemania

Latin American Mining Monitoring Programme                         Reino Unido

Leave it in the Ground Inititative (LINGO)                                              México

Les Amis de la Terre                                                                                   Francia

LIGA – Lüner Initiative gegen globale Armut                                          Alemania

Lock the Gate Alliance                                                                    Australia

London Mining Network                                                                 Reino Unido

Market Forces                                                                                               Australia

MISEREOR                                                                                          Alemania

Network Movement for Justice and Development                                Sierra Leona

NOAH – Friends of the Earth Denmark                                         Dinamarca

OCMAL – Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina       Red Internacional

PAS – Pensamiento y Acción Social                                                           Colombia

PAX                                                                                                      Paises Bajos

pax christi Solidarität Eine Welt                                                  Alemania

philippinenbüro                                                                              Alemania

PowerShift                                                                                         Alemania

Pro Natura – Friends of the Earth Switzerland                            Suiza

Progressio                                                                                         Reino Unido

Re:Common                                                                                       Italia

Rettet den Regenwald                                                                    Alemania

Robin Wood                                                                                      Alemania

Russian Social-Ecological Union – Friends of the Earth Russia         Rusia

Salva la Selva                                                                                               España

Sociedade Histórica e Cultural Coluna Sanfins, Galicia                      España

Solidarity Sweden – Latin America                                                           Suecia

SOMO                                                                                                 Paises Bajos

South Durban Community Environmental Alliance                               Súdafrica

Southern Africa Rural Women’s Assembly                                             Súdafrica

terre des hommes – Hilfe für Kinder in Not                                            Alemania

The Gaia Foundation                                                                                  Reino Unido

The People’s Dialogue                                                                   Red Internacional

This Changes Everything                                                                 Reino Unido

TNI – Transnational Institute                                                                    Paises Bajos

Umweltgewerkschaft Düsseldorf                                                 Alemania

urgewald                                                                                           Alemania

Verdegaia, Galicia                                                                          España

Waterkeeper Alliance                                                                                Red Internacional

WEED e.V. – World Economy, Ecology & Development              Alemania

WoMin African Gender and Extractives Alliance                                   Súdafrica

Yasunidos Ecuador                                                                          Ecuador

Yasunidos Germany                                                                                    Alemania

YLNM – Yes to Life, No to Mining                                                   Red Internacional

Zelena Istra – Green Istria                                                             Croacia

The YLNM Network and many of our individual members have signed the declaration condemning the assassination of Colombian environmental defender and mining opponent Aldemar Parra García.

 

Monday, January 23rd 2017

The undersigning organizations condemn the assassination of Aldemar Parra García and express our deepest condolences to his family.

FactsFoto Aldemar Parra

On January 7, Aldemar was assassinated by two unidentified gunmen on a motorcycle on the route from El Hatillo to La Loma in broad daylight. He was a community leader and active trade unionist, until recently employed in the mine of Colombian Natural Resources (CNR). Parra leaves his wife and three children behind.

Regional context

The murder of Aldemar is not an isolated incident. Unfortunately, this murder fits a pattern of violence against civil society and their leaders that we see across Colombia and in the mining region of Cesar. According to the report ‘Civil society under Threat’, in Cesar at least 200 leaders became victims of threats, assaults and killings during the period 2012-2016. It is important to point out that all of these victims are social leaders whose efforts are considered by certain sectors of the Cesar population to be critical of the impact of mining activities in the region. Most of these acts are claimed by or carry the signature of neo-paramilitary groups, who claim to defend the interests of the mining companies and other economic actors in the region. For example, last September Néstor Iván Martínez, leader of an Afro-Colombian community resisting the expansion of the mines owned by the American mining company Drummond, was assassinated shortly after having been threatened by a neo-paramilitary group.

Aldemar was an active member of the community of El Hatillo; a rural community that since 2010 has been involved in a lengthy process of involuntary resettlement with three mining companies. He was a family member of several community leaders who were critical towards a resettlement plan recently proposed by the mining companies. Since 2014 the community has reported an increasing number of security incidents, e.g. leaflets, text messages or phone calls threatening community members. Since September 2016, inhabitants of El Hatillo have reported the presence of unidentified armed men in the vicinity during the hours of darkness.

The condemnation of the murder of Aldemar by Prodeco and Drummond (as a specific incident) is a first step, but more actions are necessary to effectively mitigate the violence against civil society in Cesar.

We urge the Colombian authorities

  • to not treat the assassination of Aldemar Parra Garcia as an isolated incident, but address it in the context of a pattern of acts of intimidation and violence directed against civil society in Cesar, and
  • to undertake – in line with the peace agreements – effective actions to crack down on and prosecute the members of any illegal armed group that operates in the mining region of Cesar.

We urge the mining companies

  • to publicly distance themselves from neo-paramilitary groups that claim to operate in their interests,
  • to actively take up a role in assuring that the security of those that are critical of the impact of mining in Cesar is guaranteed, and
  • to search for effective and just solutions for the impacts of mining on the local population in the region, including remediation of grave human rights violations in the recent past, and addressing dwindling livelihood opportunities and unhealthy and unsafe working  conditions.

 

List of Signatories: (Organisation, Country)

350.org, International Network
ABColombia, UK
Acción Ecologica, Ecuador
African Uranium Alliance, International Network
AG Bergbau und Menschenrechte in Kolumbien – Berlin, Germany
AGEH – Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Entwicklungshilfe, Germany
Amigos de la Tierra España, Spain
ASK – Arbeitsgruppe Schweiz-Kolumbien, Switzerland
Asociación ambiental e cultural Petón do Lobo, Galicia, Spain
Asociación gallega Cova Crea, Galicia, Spain
Bocas de Ceniza Waterkeeper, Colombia
Both ENDS, The Netherlands
Buirer für Buir, Germany
BUND – Friends of the Earth Germany, Germany
BUND Sachsen, Germany
BürgerBegehren Klimaschutz, Germany
CALG – Coalition against Land Grabbing, Philippines
CENSAT agua viva – Friends of the Earth Colombia, Colombia
Center for Environment – Friends of the Earth BiH, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Christliche Initiative Romero, Germany
CNV Internationaal, The Netherlands
Coal Action Network, UK
CoalSwarm, USA
Colombia Caravana UK Lawyers’ Group, UK
Colombia Solidaritet, Denmark
Colombia Solidarity Campaign, UK
ContraMINAcción, Galicia, Spain
Cooperacción, Peru
Dachverband der Kritischen Aktionäre, Germany
Earth Law Center, USA
Environmental Rights Action, Nigeria
Facing Finance, Germany
FIAN Deutschland, Germany
FNV Mondiaal, The Netherlands
Forschungs- und Dokumentationszentrum Chile-Lateinamerika, Germany
Friends of the Earth Australia, Australia
Friends of the Earth Canada, Canada
Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland (EWNI), UK
Friends of the Earth International, International Network
Friends of the Earth Japan, Japan
Friends of the Siberian Forests, Russia
FUgE Hamm, Germany
GegenStrömung / CounterCurrent, Germany
GIP-LAWS (Ghana Integrated Platform on Land, Water and Seed Struggles), Ghana
Global 2000 – Friends of the Earth Austria, Austria
groundWork, Friends of the Earth South Africa, South Africa
Informationsstelle Peru, Germany
International Oil Working Group, International Network
JA!Justica Ambiental – FOE Mozambique, Mozambique
Kohleausstieg Berlin, Germany
kolko – Menschenrechte für Kolumbien, Germany
Kolumbiengruppe Hamburg, Germany
Latin American Mining Monitoring Programme, UK
Leave it in the Ground Inititative (LINGO), Mexico
Les Amis de la Terre, France
LIGA – Lüner Initiative gegen globale Armut, Germany
Lock the Gate Alliance, Australia
London Mining Network, UK
Market Forces, Australia
MISEREOR, Germany
Network Movement for Justice and Development, Sierra Leone
NOAH – Friends of the Earth Denmark, Denmark
OCMAL – Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina, International Network
PAS – Pensamiento y Acción Social, Colombia
PAX, The Netherlands
pax christi Solidarität Eine Welt, Germany
philippinenbüro, Germany
PowerShift, Germany
Pro Natura – Friends of the Earth Switzerland, Switzerland
Progressio, UK
Re:Common, Italy
Rettet den Regenwald, Germany
Robin Wood, Germany
Russian Social-Ecological Union – Friends of the Earth Russia, Russia
Salva la Selva, Spain
Sociedade Histórica e Cultural Coluna Sanfins, Galicia, Spain
Solidarity Sweden – Latin America, Sweden
SOMO, The Netherlands
South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, South Africa
Southern Africa Rural Women’s Assembly, South Africa
terre des hommes – Hilfe für Kinder in Not, Germany
The Gaia Foundation, UK
The People’s Dialogue, International Network
This Changes Everything, UK
TNI – Transnational Institute, The Netherlands
Umweltgewerkschaft Düsseldorf, Germany
urgewald, Germany
Verdegaia, Galicia, Spain
Waterkeeper Alliance, International Network
WEED e.V. – World Economy, Ecology & Development, Germany
WoMin African Gender and Extractives Alliance, South Africa
Yasunidos Ecuador, Ecuador
Yasunidos Germany, Germany
YLNM – Yes to Life, No to Mining, International Network
Zelena Istra – Green Istria, Croatia

 

 

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