UN DESASTRE AMBIENTAL CON PESO HISTÓRICO en Argentina

AN ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER WITH HISTORICAL BURDEN in Argentina

Basado en artículos originales: https://www.pagina12.com.ar/79139-un-fallo-con-peso-historico https://www.clarin.com/sociedad/procesaron-ex-funcionarios-incumplir-ley-glaciares_0_HkV91Ujlz.html

http://www.lanacion.com.ar/2086420-procesan-a-tres-ex-secretarios-de-ambiente-por-haber-violado-la-ley-de-glaciares

El incidente socio ambiental más grande de la historia de Argentina ha sido consecuencia de tres derrames de cianuro en la mina Veladero  en el 2015, 2016 y 2017, a causa de la minera Barrick Gold Corporation. Los derrames ocurrieron en varios cuerpos de agua en la región de San Juan[1]. Esto ha generado movimientos sociales, se han enviado derechos de petición, se han hecho estudios y monitoreos del agua. Durante años el estado se ha mostrado negligente hacia la tragedia. Sin embargo, tres ex secretarios de ambiente, recientemente, han sido procesados por abuso de poder y por violar la Ley de Glaciares; Juan José Mussi, Omar Judis y Sergio Lorusso. Además, se procesó también al director del Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales (IANIGLA), Ricardo Villalba.

 

En la investigación ante los ex secretarios y el director de IANIGLA, se encontraron pruebas de que los derrames de la mina Veladero, situada en zona peri-glaciar, se hubieran podido evitar si la Ley Nacional de Glaciares se hubiera cumplido al pie de la letra. Los funcionarios del IANIGLA y el Ministerio de Ambiente no cumplieron  su obligación de inventario y monitoreo del estado de los glaciares y zonas peri-glaciales, porque al redactar y diseñar el documento dejaron por fuera muchos cuerpos de hielo, ya que los criterios eran altamente restrictivos. Asimismo, los funcionarios retuvieron información, postergaron los trabajos y operativos, y establecieron cómo y cuando se haría el inventario de acuerdo a sus intereses económicos. Así, quebrando la ley y damnificando no sólo los glaciares sino también a los habitantes de San Juan que se han visto afectados por los derrames.

 

El juez Sebastián Casanello, encargado de la causa federal, le pide al Ministerio de Ambiente tomar medidas de protección, limpieza y restauración de “modo urgente”. No obstante, en la Cámara de Diputados se está realizando un estudio para modificar la Ley de Glaciares por pedido de las compañías mineras. ¿Cuándo será que el gobierno dejará de priorizar intereses económicos de corto plazo en los que se benefician unos pocos, y empezará a tomar decisiones inclusivas, a largo plazo, teniendo en cuenta el bienestar de sus habitantes y sus ecosistemas?

Glaciar Conconta, cortado por el camino minero a la mina Veladero.

[1] Para saber más sobre los derrames de cianuro en San Juan, haga click aquí y aquí

Fuentes:

Página12. 2017. Un fallo con peso histórico. Artículo extraído de https://www.pagina12.com.ar/79139-un-fallo-con-peso-historico

Clarín Sociedad. 2017. Procesaron a cuatro ex funcionarios kirchneristas por incumplir la Ley de Glaciares. Artículo extraído de https://www.clarin.com/sociedad/procesaron-ex-funcionarios-incumplir-ley-glaciares_0_HkV91Ujlz.html

La Nación. 2017. Procesan a tres ex secretarios de Ambiente por haber violado la ley de Glaciares. Artículo extraído de http://www.lanacion.com.ar/2086420-procesan-a-tres-ex-secretarios-de-ambiente-por-haber-violado-la-ley-de-glaciares

Based on original articles: https://www.pagina12.com.ar/79139-un-fallo-con-peso-historico

https://www.clarin.com/sociedad/procesaron-ex-funcionarios-incumplir-ley-glaciares_0_HkV91Ujlz.html

http://www.lanacion.com.ar/2086420-procesan-a-tres-ex-secretarios-de-ambiente-por-haber-violado-la-ley-de-glaciares

The largest socio environmental disaster in the history of Argentina has been the consequence of three leakages of cyanide solution in Veladero mine during 2015, 2016 and 2017, caused by Barrick Gold Corporation. The leakages occurred in various water bodies at the region of San Juan[1]. This has awakened multiple social movements, petition rights have been sent and various water studies have been made, but during years the government has neglected the tragedy. However, three ex secretaries of environment have recently been processed due to abuse of power and infringement of the National Glacial Law. Additionally, the director of the Institute of Nivology, Glaciology and Environmental Science (IANIGLA), Ricardo Villalba has also been processed.

During the investigation of the three ex secretaries and the director of IANIGLA, proves were found that the leakages in Veladero mine, situated in per-glacial area, could have been avoided if the National Glacial Law was followed accordingly. The IANIGLA and Ministry of Environment officials did not meet their obligations when determining the inventory and monitoring of the state of the glacial and per-glacial areas because when editing and designing the document they ignored various bodies of ice due to highly restrictive criteria.  Similarly, the officials retained information, slowed processes and operative activities, and established the how and the when of the inventory, in accordance to their own economic interests.  This way, they broke the law and harmed, not only the glacial ecosystem, but also the habitants of San Juan affected by the leakages.

The judge Sebastián Casanello, in charge of the federal case, asked the Ministry of Environment to take measures of protection, cleaning and restoration “as soon as possible”. Nonetheless, the Chamber of Deputies is intending to modify the National Glacial Law demanded by the mining companies.  When is the government going to stop prioritizing the short-term economic interests of few and start taking long-term inclusive decisions that protect the wellbeing of their citizens and ecosystems?

Contra Glaciar, cut by the road to Veladero Mine

Environmental glaciar and per-glaciar maps of the Pascua-Lama Veladero elaborated by IANIGLA (same map maker), for Barrick (Green boxes) and for the National Inventory of Glaciars (red boxes)

[1] To know more about the leakages of cyanide solution, click here and here

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