Pronunciamiento de los pueblos Ye´kwana, Sanema y Pemón contra el Arco Minero impuesto por el Gobierno Nacional

Ye’kwana, Sanema and Pemon Peoples’ Declaration Against Orinoco Mining Belt

Esta carta es elaborada por todas las autoridades legítimas de 49 comunidades Ye´kwana y Sanema participantes a la XX Asamblea General Ordinaria de la Organización KUYUJANI, organización de base comunitaria indígena del poder popular ancestral, originario y tradicional de los pueblos antes mencionados, quienes acordamos en plenaria dirigir la presente comunicación en atención a las siguientes consideraciones y en consecuencia solicitar su actuación conforme a las leyes indígenas y de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela.

La XX Asamblea General Ordinaria reunida en la fecha 21 a 24 de abril de año 2016 en la comunidad El Playón se pronunció sobre el Decreto del Arco Minero que afecta directamente a las poblaciones de la cuenca del Caura y en especial las comunidades indígenas de los Pueblos Ye´kwana–Sanema y Pemón el cual RECHAZAMOS DEFINITIVAMENTE LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DEL ARCO MINERO EN NUESTRO TERRITORIOS y HÁBITATS.

En el caso particular del Caura y es de preocuparse los resultados de los estudios científicos del año 2010 y del 2011 reportan el impacto ambiental en nuestro territorio tradicional incluyendo, el incremento de contaminantes químicos y sedimentos en suspensión en el río Yuruani y en el río Caura, así como bioacumulación de mercurio en tejido muscular de los principales peces de consumo masivo por parte de nuestras comunidades indígenas, especialmente en niños, niñas y adultos mayores. El resultado de los estudios científicos reportan bio-acumulación de mercurio en tejido humano (cabellos) en miembros de las comunidades indígenas Ye´kwana y Sanema de la cuenca del río Caura.

La cuenca del río Caura tiene en su ordenamiento territorial vigente diversas Áreas Bajo Régimen de Administración Especial (ABRAE) incluyendo el Parque Nacional Jaua-Sarisariñama, Reserva Forestal El Caura, Monumentos Naturales Ichún-Guanacoco, Cerro Guiquinima y Zona Protectora Sur del estado Bolívar, los cuales consagran la protección y salvaguarda de los bosques, recursos hídricos, suelos agrícolas y demás recursos de la biodiversidad, regulando para ello el uso y aprovechamiento bajo normas de manejo con fines de desarrollo sustentable de las poblaciones autóctonas, indígenas y de la nación venezolana, prohibiendo taxativamente la actividad minera.

Para los pueblos antes mencionados consideramos que el Arco Minero es una violación de nuestro derecho legítimo a la salud y a un territorio seguro, propio y con calidad de vida.

Consideramos incoherente la decisión tomada sobre la política minera dentro de territorios indígenas desestimando los derechos indígenas consagrados en la Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela vigente desde el año 1999, en el Convenio 169 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo y en el Convenio sobre los Derechos Humanos Universales, en la Ley Orgánica de Pueblos Indígenas, en la Ley Ordinaria de Demarcación de Tierras y Hábitats Indígenas y todas las demás leyes, convenios, pactos y tratados debidamente suscritos y ratificados por la República y de obligatorio cumplimiento por todas las autoridades nacionales civiles y militares sin excepción.

Las culturas Ye´kwana y Sanema dependen de los bosques, caños y demás ecosistemas y recursos naturales de la cuenca del río Caura para poder seguir existiendo, y como consecuencia de la actividad de minería ilegal en nuestro territorio se han dado los primeros impactos ambientales y de salud humana que constituyen pasos tempranos de un proceso que a nivel internacional se tipifica como etnogenocidio, el cual estamos a tiempo todavía de evitar.

La conservación de los recursos naturales del territorio ancestral son fuente de alimentación y necesidades vitales manejadas desde nuestro origen, los cuales están en grave peligro por la presencia de la minería ilegal y el decreto del arco Minero del Orinoco. Yaajö Sawedi, nos dijo que cuidáramos a Atukaadoda (hierro), Adeumoiyana (agua), Enuujukuñamana (aire) como él los cuidó. Las tierra es fundamental para el pueblo Ye´kwana y Sanema, donde nace nuestro patrimonio cultural: educación propia, la cultura y garantiza nuestra seguridad alimentaria, la de nuestros hijos y futuras generaciones.

Exigimos que en representación de todas las autoridades legítimas de esta XX Asamblea General Ordinaria de la Organización KUYUJANI, debidamente constituida, sea presentada en punto de cuenta ante el Presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, y comunique por vía escrita a las demás autoridades del consejo de ministros y, en especial, al ministro de Defensa y a la Procuraduría General de la República.

Es el deseo expreso de esta XX Asamblea General Ordinaria de la Organización KUYUJANI no al ARCO MINERO SI AL ¡BUEN VIVIR! en los territorios indígenas, solicitamos actuar conforme al marco legal previsto en la Constitución, las leyes, convenios, pactos y tratados de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, y en consecuencia exigimos que mediante la presente, el Alto Mando Militar y la Presidencia de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela también cumplan con sus obligaciones según dictan las Leyes.

 

¡QUEREMOS SEGUIR EXISTIENDO! ¡EXIGIMOS NUESTRO TERRITORIO PARA SEGUIR VIVIENDO BIEN¡

¡La vida vale, más que El oro!

Statement originally published on VenezuelaAnalysis.com on 17/05/16.


This declaration was written by the legitimate authorities of the 49 Ye’kwana and Sanema communities participating in the Kuyujani Organization’s 20th Ordinary General Assembly.

Photo: Kuyujani Organization

Photo: Kuyujani Organization

KUYUJANI is an Indigenous community based organization composed of ancestral indigenous peoples, whom agreed to this declaration during this plenary session in light of the following considerations [regarding the Orinoco Mining Belt]. As a result, we request that there be action taken in accordance with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela’s Indigenous Laws.

During the 20th Ordinary General Assembly held on April 21-24,2016 in the community of El Playón, we made a decision regarding the Orinoco Mining Belt Decree. The Orinoco Mining Belt directly affects populations along the Caura basin and especially the Indigenous Ye’kwana-Sanema and Pemon peoples. WE DEFINITIVELY REJECT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ORINOCO MINING BELT IN OUR TERRITORIES AND HABITATS.

In the Caura’s case, the 2010 and 2011 results of scientific studies are worrisome. They report the environmental impacts for our traditional lands including: an increase in chemical contaminants and suspended sediments in the Yuruani River and Caura River, as well as the bioaccumulation of mercury in the muscle tissue of major fish which are widely consumed by our Indigenous communities, especially affecting our children and elders.

The scientific studies reported bioaccumulation of mercury in human tissue (hair) in members of Ye’kwana and Sanema  Indigenous communities living along the Caura River Basin.

According to the Special Administration for Areas Under Administration (ABRAE) the Caura River Basin includes: the Jaua-Sarisariñama National Park; El Caura Forest Reserve; Ichun-Guanacoco and Cerro Guiquinima National Monuments as well as Bolivar State’s Protected Southern Area. All of which enshrine the protection and safeguarding of forests, water, land used for agriculture and other biodiversity, and through this regulate their usage and exploitation in line with the sustainable development of autochthonous peoples, Indigenous peoples and the Venezuelan nation, strictly prohibiting mining activity.

We, the aforementioned Indigenous peoples, consider the Orinoco Mining Belt a violation of our legitimate right to health, our own safeguarded territory and quality of life.

We consider that the decision made regarding mining policy within Indigenous territories dismisses Indigenous Rights  recognized in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela’s 1999 Constitution, International Labor Law’s 169 Convention, Universal Human Rights Convention, the Organic Law of Indigenus Peoples in the Ordinary Law of Indigenous Lands and Habitats’ Demarcation and every other law, convention, agreement and treaty signed and ratified by the Republic and which are mandatory for all national civilian authorities and military [to fulfill] without exception.

The Ye’kwana and Sanema cultures depend on forests, streams and other ecosystems as well as natural resources along the Caura River Basin in order to exist. As a result of illegal mining activity in our territory, we have seen the first environmental and human health impacts that are early indicators of a process that is categorized internationally as ethno-genocide, which we still have time to prevent.

The conservation of our ancestral territory’s natural resources are the source of nourishment and vital needs, managed since our origin. They are in grave danger due to illegal mining and the Orinoco Mining Belt decree. Yaajö Sawedi, told us to take care of the: Atukaadoda (iron), Adeumoiyana (water) and Enuujukuñamana (air) as he too cared for them. The land is key to the Ye’kwana and Sanema peoples where our heritage is born: our own education, culture and guaranteed food sovereignty, as well as our children and future generations.

In representation of all the legitimate authorities in attendance of the 20th Ordinary General Assembly of the Kuyujani Organization, duly constituted, we demand that this account be presented before the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and communicated in written form to other authorities, Ministrial cabinet and especially to the Defense Minister as well as the Attorney General.

The Kuyujani Organization’s 20th Ordinary General Assembly wishes to express: NO TO THE ORINICO MINING BELT and YES TO LIVING WELL in Indigenous territories! We request that actions be taken in accordance with the legal framework provided by the Constitution, laws, conventions, treaties and agreements of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and as a result, we demand that the Military’s Highest Command and the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela  fulfill their obligations as dictated by the law.

WE WANT TO CONTINUE TO EXIST! WE DEMAND OUR TERRITORY IN ORDER TO CONTINUE LIVING WELL!

Life is worth more than gold!

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